Special Education Services - Evaluation Process for Dyslexia


Evaluation Process for Dyslexia

While dyslexia is a medical condition when it significantly impacts the student’s achievement, it becomes an educational issue as well. The school multidisciplinary team determines what tests and assessments are necessary to complete a thorough evaluation. An evaluation may include medical professionals as part of the multidisciplinary assessment process, but the majority of assessments and tests are administered by educators who are trained in and knowledgeable of the instruments and procedures for identifying characteristics of dyslexia. To be eligible for special education services under the

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), multidisciplinary team findings must demonstrate that the disability of dyslexia has a significant impact on student performance.

There is no single test for dyslexia. A comprehensive evaluation consisting of multiple assessments is critical to support the conclusion of dyslexia. Areas of assessment may include: phonological processing, oral language, alphabet knowledge, decoding, word recognition, reading fluency, reading comprehension, spelling, written expression, and cognitive functioning, and are determined by the multidisciplinary team.

Dyslexia is not a problem with the eyes. Many children reverse their letters when learning to write regardless of whether they have dyslexia. For more information, visit the joint statement from American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus and the American Association of Certified Orthoptists.

The school-based decision-making team will be responsible for providing an in-depth assessment as warranted by screening and/or response to intervention. In addition to the information obtained through the review of cumulative folders/permanent records, a teacher checklist, and the family interview, other areas of assessment should be considered.

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Last updated on April 23, 2020